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Monday, January 10, 2011

Weekly Black & White Photography

 
 The Battle of Folcks Mill


This image was created with a Point & Shoot camera. The ISO is 100 and was exposed for 1/200 sec. @f/5.6.

After burning Chambersburg, PA, two southern cavalry brigades under the command of General John McCausland and Bradley Johnson approached Cumberland to disrupt the B&O Railroad and possibly to burn it as well.

At about 3:00 p.m., in the vicinity of Folcks Mill, the southern cavalry brigades were hit by a surprise attack by a detachment of union forces consisting of the 156th Ohio Regiment under the command of General Benjamin F. Kelly, as well as local townsmen that made up the Potomac Home Brigade Home Militia under the command of Charles Mynn Thruston of Washington Street. In addition, there were three artillery crews of the 1st Illinois Battery L.

Hundreds of townspeople also came out to sit on the surrounding hill sides to watch.

As the union forces opened fire at point blank range, the confederates spread across the valley with many taking cover in and around Folcks Mill, and behind several other buildings that were nearby. The battle raged on for about 5 hours and about 8:00 p.m. the confederates fell back and under the cover of darkness they withdrew from the battlefield and headed south towards Flintstone Creek. They crossed over into WV south of Oldtown, MD.

Cumberland’s one and only battle was over and the town was saved by an outnumbered, and untested, group of union forces, and it all took place on August 1, 1864 just East of town at Folcks Mill.